How do we treat mother earth? This is the one million $s question!
Permaculture, a term coined in the ’70s on Australian lands, which defines, in short, a form of harmonious interaction with the environment in which we operate, has aroused the interest of several years in Transylvania, Romania.
Among other things, the concept involves the creation, by various methods of a system that is self sufficient, which means less effort from the man. activities are reduced as far as possible that usually associated with farming , such as plowing or digging, being brought to the fore notions such as “mulching” – procedure that cover the earth with straw or leaves to keep moisture and prevent weed growth, or “companion plants” – who help each other. In permaculture, the farm is segmented based on the specific areas that need attention each, so that resource consumption is minimal, this is an example of the logic that governed the entire system. Though the world works designed by the principles of permaculture farms in Romania application information is still, in part, “to stage dream, “said Gaby D., one of permaculture practitioners in Romania. It wants to launch next year but the first commercial farm in Romania to apply the principles of permaculture.
What is permaculture? Definition: “They offered many definitions of permaculture. believe that the most relevant is: Permaculture is a design, architecture, for example, which aims to create sustainable human habitats in a beneficially environment. Through Sustainable understand something that last forever. That is the definition of “technical.” Some compare permaculture with a closet where you can hang most sciences or areas of the world in relation to each other. Romanians think and believe that this definition fits in different situations. According to him, permaculture is, essentially, a system, a methodology or framework. Permaculture Principles
Permaculture gives us a methodology to design farming systems suitable area where we are, but some principles apply everywhere, say practitionersNutrition includes elements perennials – especially trees and shrubs. We recognize the importance of trees in the creation and restoration of soil water and nutrients circuits, creating habitat and therefore biodiversity.
* Improve soil quality and quantity. A system can not be maintained for long periods each year if we lose the soil to erosion.
Capture and store / infiltrate water, particularly by creating soil that can store massive amounts of water. Thus, moderate drought and flood.
Obviously, we do not use chemicals that harm the environment, in our case the pesticide.
We recognize nature as a highly complex sum of ecosystems and private agricultural systems in the same way. Thus, we realize that if you change one element – they inevitably affect the other. So act carefully and adapt the “feedback” of the system.
* We use the resources we have, we adapt and we rely decisions based on them. Do not apply the standard recipes – recipes conducive apply to our situation.
Permaculture in Romania, from the dream stage experiments to reality
High interest in permaculture began to manifest in Romania after three or four years, but this concept is largely in a “dream stage”, though there are people who apply information. “In Bucharest, Cluj and the historical city of Brasov there are local initiatives, gardening, seed exchange, etc.., esp. in rural areas are about a dozen people applying permaculture principles, there are several websites dedicated to construction natural, and if all goes well, next year will be and the first commercial farming.”
Those interested can participate in various courses free or cost – as so-called “Permaculture Design Certificate (PDC) Course”, after which I get a diploma permaculture designer. experiments to Strambeni In what concerns him, Saulic Grigore has learned this term in the winter of 2011, when he was studying in the UK, and in March 2012 decided to move to the country, in town Strambeni, in the locality of Arges. You bought an abandoned house and designed by the principles of permaculture land, “with many mistakes and crap made of inexperience and over enthusiasm.” After two years of experiments, recently decided to go on a new adventure. permaculture;
P-culture in Strambeni
“We stayed at Strambeni village for two years, during which time I acquired various skills, I attended and taught several courses. currently are part of the ‘staff’ on a farm based on permaculture principles in Sweden where I stand six months. ‘m here as a volunteer to gain experience in larger scale to meet new people to attend theoretical courses and to participate in the establishment of the first regenerative farms in Scandinavia, ” Sauliuc Greg said. At home in Strambeni will live meantime a couple that will take care of the land. “I’m interested in healthy food, a quiet life and has agreed rental price, so everybody wins. Rent is not large 300 lei / month,” said Cristian Bucur happily.
They told us about the stage that is currently permaculture in the world . “term was coined in 1974 in Australia, and has since expanded in almost all countries on the planet. currently permaculture is used in social, environmental, agricultural, financial and so on there farms designed by permaculture principles, communities (the oldest being 38 years), ‘clubs’ passionate about permaculture and local initiatives. Much of the U.S. and Australia but in almost all Western European countries other part (that do not hear) in third world countries in Africa and Asia. Latin America do not know much, but I heard a few large projects there ” , concluded Iosefciuc Iuliu from Campulung la Tisa, from Maramures County. —————————–
Now I will advise you to get a wonderful book to read this summer.
There’s nothing like finding a gripping novel to read on vacation. You know the kind of book that you just can’t put down, or you can’t wait to get back to? Well, a new book, Journey Into the Flame, by T.R. Williams, is one of those books.
Journey Into the Flame is a spiritual adventure full of suspense and mystery; much like The Da Vinci Code, but set in the future. While fictional, within its pages spiritual truths are revealed that have been kept within the walls of secret societies for centuries. Because the author of Journey Into the Flame has spent many years on a personal journey seeking the truth of life, he has cleverly woven his advanced knowledge of secret wisdom into a thrilling, fast-moving story that will keep you on the edge of your seat.
As you turn its pages and become engulfed in its mystical story, you will find yourself asking: “Is this true, or is this fiction?”
Journey Into the Flame is the first part of a trilogy, so there’s more gripping adventure to come! You can pick up a copy now at any good book store or on Amazon.
April is alcohol awareness month. Go and save a life! The end game is saving a life; helping an alcoholic will actually help YOU sustain your own sobriety, if you have a problem with alcohol. Do you feel powerless over it? You cannot stop after having a glass of spirit, wine, or beer? Then you are addicted to it. It is time to start the healing process.
Be proactive, open a Community Foundation in Westwood. This is what I am doing right now. We need the Westwood community more than ever to expose the virulant nature of all addictions. Please participate.
We can now answer the kinds of “why” questions posed in this previous post thanks to new imaging technologies of the recent 15-20 years, such as fMRI (shows where the brain activity is occurring) and SPECT (shows the health of the brain).
These imaging technologies allow neuroscientists and medical professionals to study the human brain. They can see the changes it goes through as it develops. They can see the impacts of mental illness, head trauma or repeated alcohol misuse and so much more.
Learning the basics of how the brain controls everything a person thinks, feels, says and does helps explain the causes and impacts of SHD. It also helps you develop self-protection and prevention skills.
The Brain’s Communication System
When you understand how the brain goes together, you can appreciate what causes it to come apart and what it takes to fix it.
Neural Networks – How Cells Talk to One Another The brain controls everything through neural networks. Neural networks are the way brain cells (neurons) talk to one another. They, in turn, exchange information with other neurons throughout the body via the nervous system.
This “talking” is done through an electrical-chemical signaling process. This is easier to understand if you think of neural networks as strands of holiday lights. Anything that happens along a strand of holiday lights – a loose bulb, frayed wire, power surge – changes how that strand works. This in turn changes how all other strands connected to it work.
The following is a simplified description of the basics of a neural network, which is illustrated in the image below. Remember anything that changes any one of these “things” will change the way the neural network performs (like a strand of holiday lights). If you change the way neural networks perform, you change behaviors.
Basics of a Neural Network
Cueor Trigger (a sound, sight, touch, smell, memory, emotion…something that triggers the electrical signaling to start the neural network)
Brain cells (neurons)
Branchlike extensions (outgoing and incoming)
Neurotransmitter (chemical messengers located at the end of the outgoing branchlike extensions that change the neuron’s electrical signal into chemical that can float across the synapse; other neurotransmitters help with the start and stop of the signaling)
Synapse (the gap between the branchlike extensions of a brain cell/neuron)
Receptors (at the end of the incoming branchlike extension that accept the neurotransmitter – like a “key in a door lock” – andchange it back into an electrical signal to carry on the message to the receiving brain cell/neuron)
Brain Maps for the Things We Do;
Through a series of connections, neural networks form systems between the brain and other organs to control our body’s major functions.
This includes the fight-or-flight stress response system, for example, as well as the circulatory and digestive systems. Neural networks also work together to form embedded “brain maps.” There is an expression to describe this brain mapping process, “neurons that fire together, wire together.”
Embedded brain maps take very little, if any, thought. They just happen. And thank goodness they do. If we did not have these embedded brain maps, we would still be trying to get out of bed because the millions of neuron connections needed to do that simple function would take forever to hook together. [This also points to the difficulty in changing brain maps (basically habits).]
Over the course of our lives, we create brain maps for all of the functions our bodies and brains do on a regular basis. We create brain maps for riding a bike or typing on a computer or talking on the phone or reading a book or running, breathing, reciting multiplication tables, eating, talking with our hands, playing an instrument, texting—just think about it!
Basically, then, brain maps are habits, coping skills, life skills and typical behaviors.
Where in the Brain Are You
Science groups neural network activity into three main areas in the brain – as shown in the image above.
There are three general groups of neural network activity, sometimes called sub-brains.
They are the cerebellum, the limbic system and the cerebral cortex. This means neural network activity in these three areas is responsible for the behaviors described in the image to the right.
And this is important. Why? Because it explains that if your neural networks are controlling your behaviors from the limbic system, for example, you are not “thinking,” you are “reacting.”
And why is this important to know? Because the limbic system is where neural networks involved with drinking behaviors and SHD-related stress get triggered (cued). And the brain pays close attention to things that happen in the limbic system. This is because the behaviors controlled by neural networks in the limbic system were (and are) critical to the survival of the human species. (More on this in the next post.)
Wiring Brain Maps
We are born with about 100 billion brain cells (aka neurons), but only a small number of them are “wired” at birth. This makes sense when you think about it. If all of our neural networks were wired at birth, we would come out doing what we do as adults. But about all a baby’s neural networks do is allow it to breathe, eat, sleep, cry, smile and dirty their diapers. Thus, from birth, our brains are wiring neural networks like crazy because we need them for everything we think, feel, say and do. (Please know the brain is also wiring en utero, which is why women should avoid drinking while pregnant.)
First Decade In the first decade of life, the brain wires trillions of neural networks. This is why key risk factors, such as childhood trauma (verbal, physical or emotional abuse, neglect, bullying, SHD-related stress), mental illness (anxiety, depression, ADHD) and social environment have such a big influence on the developing brain and a child’s behaviors. Genetics is another significant influence. So are a child’s own thoughts and behaviors and lack of cerebral cortex wiring (explained shortly).
Then Comes Puberty The above describes neural network wiring for the first decade or so, but then comes puberty. Puberty is an instinctual wiring process (meaning it is built into the human species). It causes lots of neural network wiring activity–especially in the limbic system (the reactionary, not thinking, part of the brain).
The purpose of puberty-related brain wiring is to cause the species to turn to its peers and take risks. It is also to take care of the obvious–-hormonal changes and adult-like bodies capable of reproducing. These three instinctual drives (take risks, turn to peers and reproduce) were critical to the survival of the human species back in the day when mankind had a much shorter lifespan (meaning mom and dad might very likely have been dead around the time a young person was going through puberty so they weren’t around to protect them). Today, however, these instinctual drives can be a bit of a problem because we live much longer, more complex lives. .
And Finally, the “Thinking” Part of the Brain
Here’s where the problem comes in. There is about a four-year lag time between the start of puberty and the start of the last stage of brain development—wiring in the cerebral cortex. As described in the 3-brain map image above, the cerebral cortex is responsible for sound reasoning, good judgment and weighing the consequences of one’s actions. It is also the brakes on the risk taking behaviors that start with puberty. And it is when the brain starts to “prune” neural networks not used much and “strengthen” those that are. This pruning and strengthening process is designed to make the brain more efficient.
Dr. Paul Thompson’s 10-year time lapse study of brain development ages 5-20 show just how much wiring – brain maturity – occurs from approximately ages 16-20. It’s now understood this maturity process continues until roughly age 25.
Back in the day, life decisions were pretty simple. Basically it was about gathering food, finding shelter, reproducing and surviving. Today, our lives are far more complicated and much longer. This means the consequences of the mistakes we make and the brain mapping we set into place as teens can last for a very long lifetime (unless we take steps to correct or fix them, of course).
Why Ages 16-25 Matter So Much or Why Wait Till 21 to Drink While wiring in the cerebral cortex starts around age 16, it takes until around age 22 for girls and age 24 for boys to complete. The darker colors in brain time-lapse study image show us just how much brain development is happening.
This lag time between the start of puberty and the start of the cerebral cortex wiring helps explain why teens make poor “decisions.” It also explains why “Just Say, ‘No,’” typically doesn’t work and why teen brains handle alcohol and SHD-related stress (explained in the next post) differently than adult brains.
Lastly, it helps us understand that the neural networks strengthened become our embedded brain maps for many of our adult-like coping skills and behaviors. These can include drinking behaviors and unhealthy ways of coping with SHD.
Raising awareness about both sides of the drinking equation – drinking behaviors and secondhand drinking.
No One Sets Out To Cause Secondhand Drinking And No One Sets Out To Cope With It In Harmful Ways
This science and this common term can help those causing and those coping learn what it takes to change. Visit again next week to read more about this science in Part 4 of my Alcohol Awareness Month 2014 celebration!
If you have questions or would like to talk further about secondhand drinking or my SHD consulting, training and presentation services for individuals, families and businesses, please give me a call at 650-362-3026 or email me at lisaf@BreakingTheCycles.com
We are moms and dads, sons and daughters, brothers and sisters – all bringing the power and proof of recovery to our communities. Together we will change public perception, and ultimately the public response to the addiction crisis…FOREVER. Will you join us?
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The Anonymous People is a great way to catalyze a dialog on addiction awareness, and recovery advocacy in your community. The film has teamed up with independent film distributors Alive Mind Cinema andGathr to make bringing The Anonymous People to your local theater easier than ever. We are all about collaboration, so first, see if your community is already listed on the map or our special event listing. If not become a host!
the neural difference between love and sexual desire finds remarkable overlaps and distinct differences.
Researchers from across the world brought together the results from 20 studies which measured neural activity for both love and sexual desire (Cacioppo et al., 2012).
Participants in the studies were often looking either at pictures of their partners or at erotically stimulating images.
The results showed that some strikingly similar brain networks were activated by love and sexual desire.
One of the study’s authors, Professor Jim Pfaus, explained:
“No one has ever put these two together to see the patterns of activation. We didn’t know what to expect — the two could have ended up being completely separate. It turns out that love and desire activate specific but related areas in the brain.”
The regions activated were those involved in emotion, motivation and higher level thoughts.
This finding suggests that sexual desire is more than just a basic emotion, but involves goal-directed motivation and the recruitment of more advanced thoughts.
Love is built on top of these circuits, with one key area of difference being in the striatum. This area of the brain is typically associated with the balance between higher- and lower-level functions.
One part of the striatum is mostly concerned with things that are inherently pleasurable, while another part is mostly concerned with learning the connections between behaviour and rewards.
In other words: this is where you learn what feels good and start to get the taste for it. The striatum, then, is where the love habit is formed.
It’s a similar process as that involved in drug addiction. Pfaus explains:
“Love is actually a habit that is formed from sexual desire as desire is rewarded. It works the same way in the brain as when people become addicted to drugs.”